Standard land development activities have, in many cases, drastically altered natural waterways. Poor planning often results in increased stormwater runoff , beginning a chain of events that include flooding, erosion, stream channel alteration and ecological damage. Combined with the presence of pollutants, these changes in waterway form and function can create degraded systems that are no longer capable of providing effective drainage, healthy habitats or natural pollutant processing. In order to avoid these potential outcomes, local officials interested in protecting community waters must go beyond standard fl ood and erosion control practices and address the issue of polluted runoff and eff ects on ecosystem health. This can be achieved through a multilevel strategy of careful planning, site design and stormwater treatment.